Mortality statistics are based on details collected when deaths are certified and registered. Most deaths are certified by a medical practitioner, using the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (MCCD). This certificate is then usually taken to a registrar of births and deaths by a person known as the informant - usually a near relative of the deceased. Deaths should be registered within 5 days of the date of death, although there are some situations when the registration of a death will be delayed, such as those deaths reported to a coroner. The coroner sends information to the registrar, and this is used instead of any information on the MCCD to register the death.
The deaths summarised here are those registered in England and Wales for each calendar year. No distinction is made between deaths of civilians and non-civilians.
Underlying cause of death is based upon ICD rules and is made from the condition or conditions reported on the MCCD. The underlying cause of death is defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as:
- the disease or injury that initiated the train of events directly leading to death, or
- the circumstances of the accident or violence that produced the fatal injury.
Please note that the choropleth map is not adjusted for population.